The history of EVN

The history of EVN

EVN was founded in 1922, under the name of NEWAG (Lower Austrian electricity industry corporation). As a company active in the area of energy and environmental management, EVN has close ties with the Province of Lower Austria.

EVN Chronology 1922 - 2008

 
1922  Founding of NEWAG, Niederösterreichischen Elektrizitätswirtschafts AG, with the goal of developing a electricity supply in all regions of Lower Austria

NEWAG supplies electricity to 196 municipalities, approx. one-fifth of Lower Austria. At the end of 1924, NEWAG provides electricity to 603 municipalities, about one-third of Lower Austria
around 1930 regional electricity systems grow together, extensive network operations
1933 NEWAG provides electricity to 900 municipalities
1938 Annexation of Austria, occupation by German soldiers, National Socialist takeover of power
1938/39 NEWAG/Gauwerke Niederdonau strives to take over all electricity companies
1939 - 1945 World War II
1944 Natural gas fired steam power station in Neusiedl an der Zaya, first natural gas and steam power plant in Austria, state-of-the-art boiler technology (shut down in 1974)
1947 NEWAG supplies electricity to 1,800 communities

Second Nationalisation Law, leading to takeover of most independent utility companies in Lower Austria by NEWAG
1954 Founding of NIOGAS, the Lower Austrian natural gas supply company Niederösterreichische Gasvertriebs-GmbH, by the Federal Province of Lower Austria and NEWAG (public limited company as of 1956: Niederösterreichische Gasvertriebs AG)
1955 Austrian State Treaty, end of occupation by Allied forces
1957 NEWAG’s storage power station in Ottenstein, completion of chain of power stations on the Kamp River
1958 NEWAG is the first European utility to use an IT-based punch card facility, namely the IBM Type 650, in order to automate calculation processes (customers, personnel, materials, construction, cost allocation)

Gas turbine block at the power plant in Neusiedl an der Zaya (shut down in 1982)
1959 NEWAG oil and gas power plant in Korneuburg: innovative use of waste heat from the gas turbines to generate steam (waste heat recovery boiler), jointly operated together with Verbund Gesellschaft
1961 NIOGAS District heating power plant in Mödling – expansion into district heating business
1962 Founding of NÖSIWAG – Niederösterreichische Siedlungswasserbau GmbH – by the Federal Province of Lower Austria, initially (1962-1965) with a 49 % shareholding acquired by NEWAG. The underlying reason for establishing NÖSIWAG was the extremely unfavourable drinking water situation in the northern Weinviertel region of Lower Austria
1963 Construction begins on the 1st high level service tank of NÖSIWAG, in Friebritz in the Laaer basin

NEWAG Light Festival in Harmannschlag on August 24 – 100 % of housing areas in Lower Austria have electricity
1968 Appointment of Rudolf Gruber as Chairman of NEWAG and NIOGAS, restructuring of the company

Natural gas imports: 1st natural gas delivery contract concluded with the Soviet Union
since the 1970s expansion of Lower Austria gas distribution network in terms of area covered and provision of natural gas to rural households (not only industrial sites)
1971 Joint load dispatching centre of NEWAG and NIOGAS, optimised primary energy use
1978 50.4 % say “No“ to Zwentendorf: national referendum on November 5, 1978 in respect to atomic energy. Start-up of the completed Zwentendorf nuclear power station is blocked by the “Anti-Nuclear Law” forbidding power generation from nuclear fission.

End of construction on the thermal power plant in Theiß (natural gas, oil) –backbone of NEWAG’s electricity production
1986 End of construction on the thermal power station in Dürnrohr (coal, natural gas)

Fusion of NEWAG and NIOGAS to form NEWAG NIOGAS AG
1987 New name for the company: EVN Energie-Versorgung Niederösterreich AG, based on the corporate slogan “Use energy responsibly” (Energie Vernünftig Nutzen)

NÖSIWAG supplies 386 cadastral communes with drinking water (for about 260,000 inhabitants)
1989 Fall of the “Iron Curtain“, opening of borders in the north and east of Lower Austria
1989/90 Privatisation of 49 % of the company’s share capital via the Vienna Stock Exchange
1995 Austria joins the European Union

Founding of evn sammlung (evn collection) of contemporary international art
1997 EU Electricity Directive
1998 EnergieAllianz (energy partnership) of EVN and Wiener Stadtwerke Holding, by 2002 also including ESG/Linz AG, BEWAG and BEGAS, ENERGIE AG
1999 EVN AG – new umbrella brand name for the EVN Group, shortened corporate name encompasses business operations above and beyond supply of energy (electricity, gas, heat), including drinking water supply, waste incineration AVN, telecommunications, technical services etc.
2001 EVN acquires NÖSIWAG (evn wasser).

Full-scale liberalisation of Austria’s electricity market on October 1,
2002 Full-scale liberalization of the Austrian gas market on October 1,
2003 EconGas, jointly founded by the natural gas wholesale company EconGas of OMV (50 %), EVN (15.7 %) and other provincial gas suppliers aimed at international natural gas sourcing, trading and business with large customers

EVN acquires WTE, water supply and wastewater services

wavenet (nökom), broadband Internet using radio for rural areas 
2004 AVN waste incineration plant in Dürnrohr commences operations

Expansion to Bulgaria: EVN assumes a 67 % shareholding in the electricity distribution companies supplying power to the Plovdiv and Stara Zagora regions: 1.5 million customers
2005 Burkhard Hofer appointed the new Spokesman of the EVN Executive Board, and CEO in 2008

Expansion to Macedonia: EVN acquires a 90 % stake in ESM AD Elektrostopanstvo na Makedonija, closing in March 2006

10 years evn collection, “After Rokytník“ exhibition in MUMOK (Museum of Modern Art) in Vienna

Reorganisation of the EVN Group creating five strategic business units and 12 Group functions
2006 Legal unbundling of power generation/sourcing and networks: EVN AG and EVN Netz GmbH

KEZ “Klienzky Electrozentar“ – Reorganisation of EVN in Bulgaria in 37 KEZ customer centres in line with the Lower Austrian model

Opening of the biomass-fired combined cycle heat and power plants in Baden and Mödling

Ground-breaking ceremony for the coal-fired power plant in Duisburg-Walsum, joint venture of EVN and STEAG

33 new windmills in three wind parks (Obritzberg/Statzendorf, Kettlasbrunn, Japons)
2007 WTE wins a contract to build the large Ataköy wastewater treatment plant for two million inhabitants in Istanbul

AVN completion of the 3rd waste incineration line in Moscow (begin February 2005, takeover by municipal authorities on September 27, 2007)

District heating storage facility at the Theiß thermal power station commences operations on January 11, 2008

evn wasser: 30 kilometre long drinking water pipeline “Nordschiene“ connecting Mollersberg/Tulln and Korneuburg links two supply areas and improves water quality


Construction begins on 31 kilometre long district heating pipeline Dürnrohr-St. Pölten. EVN will supply two-thirds of the district heat required by the Lower Austrian capital city of St. Pölten from its power plant facilities in Dürnrohr/Zwentendorf starting in the 2009/10 heating season.

AVN Dürnrohr: construction commences on third waste incineration line, capacity rises from 300,000 to 500,000 tonnes annually

Acquisition of the Bulgarian district heating company TEZ Toplofikaciya Plovdiv (purchase price: EUR 32.1m, closing on December 14, 2007; 40,000 customers, total capacity of 1,259 MW thermal power, 85 MW electrical power, 360 employees)
2008 Capital increase of EVN AG from EUR 99.069m to EUR 300m, share split at a ratio of 4 for 1, share capital consists of 163,525,820 zero par value bearer shares (resolution of the 79th Annual General Meeting held on January 17, 2008, effective April 17, 2008)

Macedonian subsidiary renamed EVN Macedonia on September 17, 2008

Expansion to Albania 1: concession agreement for the Ashta hydroelectric power plant on the Drin River south of Shkoder signed on September 30,
2008, first foreign joint venture with Verbundgesellschaft, under its industrial management, EVN and Verbundgesellschaft each own a 50 % stake, planned investment volume of EUR 160m (installed capacity of 48 MW /annual generation of 230 GWh)

The EVN subsidiary Kabelsignal AG acquires the two Burgenland companies B.net Burgenland Telekom GmbH and Dataservice GmbH (cable TV, broadband Internet and telephony) from BEWAG

Expansion to Albania 2: concession agreement for three hydropower storage plants on the Devoll River, 50:50 joint venture of EVN with the Norwegian company Statkraft, planned investment volume of EUR 950m (installed capacity of 340 MW / annual output of 1,000 GWh).
2009 AVN is renamed EVN Abfallverwertung Niederösterreich GmbH ("EVN waste management Lower Austria").

Start of construction of the natural gas pipeline "Südschiene" from Baumgarten to Graz, EVN section from Gänserndorf to Semmering, completed in 2011.
2010 The subsidiary EVN Croatia Plin is founded

2010-2011 Construction of a natural-gas fired cogeneration plant in Plovdiv, Bulgaria, for the combined production of electricity and heat
2011 Dr Peter Layr is appointed Spokesman of the Executive Board, Stefan Szyszkowitz, MBA, is newly elected as a member of the EVN AG Executive Board

EVN and Wien Energie (Vienna's main energy supplier) each acquire 13% of the shares in VERBUND Innkraftwerke GmbH, they jointly hold a syndicated 26% (in 2009, VERBUND had taken over 13 Bavarian water power plants at the river Inn from the energy corporation E.ON).  
2012 Merger of kabelsignal, the EVN subsidiary in Lower Austrian and Burgenland, a cable TV and Internet provider founded in 1978, with B.net (acquired in 2008) under the new name of kabelplus.

Boiler repair at the Walsum plant, exchange of defective boiler steel under manufacturer's warranty

Commission to rebuild and expand a sewage plant in Prague, Czech Republic – EVN is now operating in 21 countries

Drinking water connection pipeline from Weinviertel to Waldviertel goes into operation – a  milestone in securing supply in the Waldviertel region.  The plant was built between spring 2009 and December 2011.

1 June: Supply provided to the first natural gas customer of EVN Croatia at Zadar

Energji Ashta (owned by EVN and VERBUND) opens the first expansion stage of the Ashta water power plant, with a power capacity of 53 MW

Expansion of the power supply system on account of the expansion of wind power in the Weinviertel region: construction of the transformer station Hauskirchen in 2012/2013, more powerful 110kV pipeline from Neusiedl/Zaya to Poysdorf as part of the ongoing grid expansion in order to integrate renewable energy from wind and photovoltaics
2013 Renaming of EVN Netz GmbH as Netz Niederösterreich GmbH due to legal requirements (ownership remains unchanged, still a 100% subsidiary of EVN AG)

District cooling obtained from district heating via absorption refrigerators for the Province Hospital St. Pölten and the Province Hospital Mödling
2015 EconGas minority shareholders EVN, Wien Energie and Energie Burgenland sell their shares (37.5% in all); OMV takes over the total shares
2016 Opening of EVN Service Centers Stockerau, Horn, Tulln, St. Pölten and Baden: all EVN services are located right in the centre of the city or town
2017 EVN Water: investments in the drinking water supply and the expansion of the transregional pipeline system pay off in the dry summer months
2018 Launch of joulie, the solar energy web portal for planning private photovoltaic plants
Regular operation at Sommerein wind park:  ten wind power plants with a total capacity of nearly 35 MW supply approx. 28 000 households with 100% renewable electricity. 136 wind power plants installed in 2018, with a total capacity of 314 MW
2019 Opening of the EVN Service Center Hollabrunn; now, 13 Service Centers are operating: Wiener Neustadt, Stockerau, Horn, Deutsch-Wagram, Tulln, Baden, St. Pölten, Bruck an der Leitha, Neunkirchen, Mistelbach, Krems, Mödling and Hollabrunn
EVN power plant at Dürnrohr is closed down after 33 years of operation – EVN stops using coal for power production
2020 WTE is awarded the contract to build the sewage treatment project at Umm Al Hayman, Kuwait (sewage plant and canal network with pumping stations), organised as a public-private partnership
 

 
Contact
If you have any questions about EVN’s corporate history, please write to the EVN Archive: evn.archiv@evn.at